"O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you that you may (learn) self restraint." (Al-Qur`an, 2:183) - So fasting helps learn self-restraint, (Taqwa)
Begins with Mercy :- 1 st 10 days, Middle is Forgiveness 2nd 20 days, Ends with deliverance from Hell :- 3rd 30 days
Who ever fasts will walk through the 8 th gate of Heaven called Rayyan. It is reserved only for the people of fasting. It is the month of Sabr – patient and charitable sharing.
Cultivate 4 practices and repeat them frequently which;
2 will earn your Lords pleasure
2 you just cannot afford to do without
1 st Dhikr of Shahadah la-e-laha-illal-lah
2 nd Begging for Forgiveness i.e. Astaghfirullah, Rab-bigh-fir-lee
3 rd Imploring to be granted the Garden of Paradise
4 th Taking Refuge from the Fire of Hell i.e. Allahumma jarnee min-nan-nar
It called Ramadhan because it has is a scorching effect upon sins; it burns sins away. So our bodies and hearts experience a process of purification. [so you could also understand it as, purifying yourself on earth or wait and be purified in the burning of hell fire the choice is yours ]
The sleeping of the one fasting is an act of ibadah –worship, as there silence is tasbih – saying subhanallah; moreover his dua's are sure to be answered and this good deeds will be multiplied.
Three types of people pray are answered, one of them is the one Fasting. So ask many dua's while fasting. Also the fast is a junna (suit of armour, protective shield) for the one who fast.
While doing voluntarily ibadh like nafl or dhikr at night, read from the noble Quran the verse
" Inna Fa-tahna laka fath-hum-mubeena "- We have surely given you a signal victory (48:1)
That person will receive a guarantee of safekeeping for the whole year. So read it frequently.
Every month one should try to fast al-ayyum al-bid – [White nights] which is 13 th 14 th 15 th nights of every month as the reward from the 1 st is 10,000 rewards, 2 nd 30,000 rewards, 3 rd 300,000 rewards.
Every Sajdah – prostration is 1700 rewards. Also every nafl has the equivalent of a fard pray that is 70 times. As a fard is 70 times more than a nafl pray.
Only on Friday and Shahru Ramadhan there is no Hisaab – [reckoning] given if you spend your wealth. For you will be questioned on how to spent your wealth on the day of Reckoning, expect Friday and Shahru Ramadhan.
The garden of Paradise will be refurbished and re-decorated every month of Ramadhan and the maidens of Paradise will splendidly adorn themselves and be requesting for a suitor to marry.
No servant who keeps the fast at least one day of the month of Ramadhan, can possibly fail to be married to a wife from brides of Paradise.
Who ever provides Iftar –[breaking of Fast] for someone, will be forgiven for their sins and earn freeing from hellfire, also be granted the rewards of actions of the one fasting, without the one fasting losing anything. Even if giving a dried date, you will be rewarded. Providing a satisfying Iftar you will be rewarded by drinking from the hawd –[Basin] of Allah; you will never feel thirsty after drinking it.
In this Month Allah will ask 3 times "Does anyone have a request to make, so I may grant his request? Is there anyone who wishes to repent, so that I may relent towards him and accept his repentance? Is there anyone wishing to seek forgiveness, so I may forgive him?…"
Do not say Ramadhan in a sentence, say like the Quran says Shahru Ramadhan 2:185
There are many that fast by the day and get nothing but hunger and thirst and by the night spend it in qiyam layla – [ night vigil ]pray and get nothing but insomnia. Why? Looking with desire, backbite, lying breaks the fast.
There are 4 exception who will not be forgiven in the month of Ramadhan
Addicted to alcohol
Disobedient and disrespectful towards parents
Guilty of disrupting bonds of kinship – relatives and families fighting
Reluctant to abandon a grudge and stubbornly unwilling to accept the restoration of good relations with anyone who has offended him.
Excerpts from Al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq Vol.3 by Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani